The British established a presence in Aden in about 1800, primarily for the purposes of trade. From about 1839 Aden was administered by the British East India Company (BEIC), who stationed troops on the peninsular in an attempt to reduce pirate attacks on shipping moving to and from India. The initial British fortifications built were funded by the BEIC, but in 1858 the British Crown took over control of India. Aden, like Burma, was under the Crown but on a daily basis administered through Delhi. By the second half of the 19th Century; Aden was designated at a Class I Coaling Station and landing place for the undersea cables. The British Imperial Authorities therefore became directly involved in defence matters with new forts and coastal defence batteries built.